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Known as the "Birthplace of the Reformation", Martin Luther played the most important roles of his life in Lutherstadt Wittenberg, from monk, student, professor, and priest to husband, father, author, and reformer. Legend has it that Luther nailed his 95 Theses to Wittenberg's Castle Church door, an act that would go down in history as the beginning of the Reformation. While the original wooden door no longer stands, a massive bronze memorial door marks the spot that changed the course of history.
The city's renowned university also has close ties to the Great Reformer. Martin Luther received his doctorate in theology from Wittenberg University in 1512, where he studied side-by-side with some of the greatest intellectuals of his time – including his good friend, Philipp Melanchthon. After graduating, he went on to serve as professor of Bible studies at his beloved alma mater. The Augusteum, which was built in in 1580 as an addition to the university, is now one of Germany's oldest university buildings and the gateway to the famous Luther House.