Would you like to bookmark this item?

You can bookmark this item and revisit it later using the “My Bookmarks” function at the bottom of the page. Bookmarking items is only possible when you’ve enabled cookies on your browser. Please note: If you delete your cookies, all previously set bookmarks will be erased.

zum Inhalt springen Melanchthon Monument in Lutherstadt Wittenberg © Michael Bader, IMG Sachsen-Anhalt

Insider Tip

See Melanchthon's grave inside the Castle Church in Lutherstadt Wittenberg, where you'll find him buried close to his good friend Luther.

What happened when?

A timeline of Philip Melanchton's life

1497

Philipp Melanchthon is born in Bretten on February 16th as the first son of armorer Georg Schwartzerdt.


1508

Melanchthon studies Latin in Pforzheim; he lives with a relative, the sister of the humanist Reuchlin, who also bestowed upon him the Greek version of his last name.


1509

Student at Heidelberg University.


1511

Receives his Bachelor of Arts degree in Heidelberg.


1512

Studies in Tübingen, receiving his Master of Arts in 1514 and becoming a university lecturer (for beginners). He also writes a Greek grammar book during this time.


1518

Melanchthon is appointed Greek professor in Lutherstadt Wittenberg thanks to a recommendation from Reuchlin; he also holds an inaugural lecture on the reform of the education system and becomes friends with Martin Luther.


1519

Melanchthon accompanies Luther to the Leipzig Disputation and receives a Bachelor of Theology in Wittenberg the same year.


1520

Marries Katharina Krapp.


1522

Luther's German translation of the New Testament is published, having been completed with Melanchthon's help.


1523

Melanchthon, the driving force behind reform at the University of Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is appointed rector of the university and introduces declamations.


1524

On a journey to Bretten, Cardinal Campeggio tries (and fails) to turn Melanchthon against Luther. Meets with Duke Philipp of Hesse on the journey home.


1527

Melanchthon attends the school and church inspection in Thuringia.


1528

Melanchthon publishes Instructions for Inspectors, which features a preface written by Luther.


1529

Melanchthon participates in the second Diet of Speyer and the Marburg Confessional discussion (debate on symbolic or actual presence of Christ in communion between Luther and Zwingli).


1530

Diet of Augsburg: Melanchthon writes the Augsburg Confession.


1534

Luther's translation of the Bible is complete, thanks in large part to Melanchthon's help and linguistic skills.


1536

Melanchthon travels to Bretten and Tübingen (university reform).


1540

Melanchthon falls seriously ill in Weimar.


1540

Confessional discussions in Worms and Regensburg (Melanchthon – Eck).


1547

Schmalkaldic War: Melanchthon flees to Zerbst and Nordhausen together with his family.


1557

Melanchthon attends the Second Confessional Discussion in Worms and Heidelberg (university reform). Melanchthon's wife dies on October 11th.


1560

Melanchthon dies on April 19th.