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zum Inhalt springen Melanchthon Monument in Lutherstadt Wittenberg © Michael Bader, IMG Sachsen-Anhalt

Insider Tip

See Melanchthon's grave inside the Castle Church in Lutherstadt Wittenberg, where you'll find him buried close to his good friend Luther.

What happened when?

A timeline of Philip Melanchton's life


Philipp Melanchthon is born in Bretten on February 16th as the first son of armorer Georg Schwartzerdt.


Melanchthon studies Latin in Pforzheim; he lives with a relative, the sister of the humanist Reuchlin, who also bestowed upon him the Greek version of his last name.


Student at Heidelberg University.


Receives his Bachelor of Arts degree in Heidelberg.


Studies in Tübingen, receiving his Master of Arts in 1514 and becoming a university lecturer (for beginners). He also writes a Greek grammar book during this time.


Melanchthon is appointed Greek professor in Lutherstadt Wittenberg thanks to a recommendation from Reuchlin; he also holds an inaugural lecture on the reform of the education system and becomes friends with Martin Luther.


Melanchthon accompanies Luther to the Leipzig Disputation and receives a Bachelor of Theology in Wittenberg the same year.


Marries Katharina Krapp.


Luther's German translation of the New Testament is published, having been completed with Melanchthon's help.


Melanchthon, the driving force behind the reform at the University of Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is appointed rector of the university and introduces declamations.


On a journey to Bretten, Cardinal Campeggio tries (and fails) to turn Melanchthon against Luther. Meets with Duke Philipp of Hesse on the journey home.


Melanchthon attends the school and church inspection in Thuringia.


Melanchthon publishes Instructions for Inspectors, which features a preface written by Luther.


Melanchthon participates in the second Diet of Speyer and the Marburg Confessional discussion (debate on symbolic or actual presence of Christ in communion between Luther and Zwingli).


Diet of Augsburg: Melanchthon writes the Augsburg Confession.


Luther's translation of the Bible is complete, thanks in large part to Melanchthon's help and linguistic skills.


Melanchthon travels to Bretten and Tübingen (university reform).


Melanchthon falls seriously ill in Weimar.


Confessional discussions in Worms and Regensburg (Melanchthon – Eck).


Schmalkaldic War: Melanchthon flees to Zerbst and Nordhausen together with his family.


Melanchthon attends the Second Confessional Discussion in Worms and Heidelberg (university reform). Melanchthon's wife dies on October 11th.


Melanchthon dies on April 19th.